About Riyadh

Riyadh is the capital city as well as the most populous city of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which lies in the Central Region called Najd. The population of the city exceeds two million, and the total inhabited area is more than 1,600 km.



The name “Riyadh” is derived from the Arabic word meaning “a place of gardens and trees” ("rawdah"). In the past, the city was called “Al-Yamamah.” With many wadis (formerly waterway, now mostly dry valleys) in the vicinity, Riyadh is a fertile area in the heartland of the Arabian Peninsula. Riyadh is 853 kilometers by road from Jeddah on the Red Sea, and 386 kilometers from Dammam on the Arabian Gulf.

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